Sustainable Energy for All seeks to improve the lives of billions of people across the world and to ensure a more sustainable future by working to achieve its three objectives: universal access to energy; greater energy efficiency; and increased use of renewables.
Accountability and transparency are essential for tracking Sustainable Energy for All’s global progress. Doing so will clarify where the initiative stands, how various actions are contributing to the three objectives, how much remains to be accomplished, and where more action is needed to achieve Sustainable Energy For All.
A major first step was the development of a Global Tracking Framework that established baseline energy data and continuously provides regular bi-annual updates on trends in energy access, renewable energy and energy efficiency.
Global Tracking Framework 2015
The second edition of Sustainable Energy For All (SE4All) Global Tracking Framework provides an update on how fast the world moved toward sustainable energy goals between 2010 and 2012. It tracks progress toward universal access to modern energy, doubling the rate of energy efficiency improvements and doubling the share of renewable energy consumption in the global energy mix. The report also assesses whether the world is moving fast enough to achieve those goals by 2030.
The second edition was launched at the Second Annual SE4All Forum in New York in May 2015 and at the Vienna Energy Forum in June. It includes ground-breaking work to define a 2015 multi-tier definition of energy access and other innovative monitoring tools. The World Bank, ESMAP and the International Energy Agency (IEA) lead the work, supported by 20 other organizations. The Global Tracking Framework can also aid in measuring progress towards the proposed Sustainable Development Goal on energy. (SDG7)
Key Findings of GTF 2015:
The GTF 2015 reports that 1,1 billion people in the world still live without electricity and almost 3 billion still cook using polluting fuels like kerosene, wood, charcoal and dung. And, while picking up steam, renewable energy generation and energy efficiency improvements will need to accelerate dramatically.
In that two-year period since the last Global Tracking Framework in 2013, the number of people without access to electricity declined from 1.2 billion to 1.1 billion, a rate of progress much faster than the 1990-2010 period. In total 222 million people gained access to electricity during this period, higher than the population increase of 138 million people. These gains were concentrated in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, and mainly in urban areas. The global electrification rate increased from 83 percent in 2010 to 85 percent in 2012.
But there was less progress on access to clean cooking fuel with 2.9 billion people still using biomass fuels like wood and dung – most of this population clustered in rural areas of Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and eastern Asia.
On the positive side, the share of modern renewable energy (from sources including hydro, solar and wind energy) grew rapidly at 4 percent a year during the tracking period. Modern renewables made up 8.8 percent of total global energy consumption in 2012. Still, to meet the 2030 SE4All objective, the annual growth rate for renewable energy needs to be closer to 7.5 percent.
The report uses energy intensity – global economic output divided by total energy consumption – as a measure of energy efficiency. During 2010-2012, energy intensity fell more than 1.7 percent a year, considerably more than the annual rate during 1990-2010, but still slower than the SE4All objective of an annual 2.6 percent drop in energy intensity between 2010 and 2030.
Key Recommendations of the GTF Report 2015:
To help close the gap, the GTF report 2015 makes key recommendations for global policymakers and stakeholders, including:
- Tripling energy investments from the current level. Annual global investments in energy will need to scale up from roughly $400 billion at present to $1trillion-$1.25 trillion. Of that, between $40 billion and $100 billion annually is needed to achieve universal access to electricity. Universal access to modern cooking fuels, by contrast, requires just $4.3 billion a year.
- Adoption of modern methods of measuring energy access. Traditional measures of energy access, such as presence of a household electricity connection, mask vast differences in the quality of energy services. Many communities counted as having energy access actually receive very limited or unreliable power.
- Transfer of knowledge and technology for sustainable energy. Countries with lower capacity will need access to state-of-the-art clean energy technology and associated knowledge.
- Address the linkages between energy and other development sectors. Energy is closely linked to other sectors of key importance to global development, including water, agriculture, gender and health. Better understanding these linkages will be critical to achieving SE4All and other development goals. For example, using water more efficiently often cuts electricity consumption, as lower water demand reduces the need for pumping and treating water; water efficiency is also energy efficiency.
Global Tracking Framework 2013
The first SE4All Global Tracking Framework was released in 2013 and identified indicators that track progress toward the SE4All objectives of universal access to modern energy, doubling the rate of energy efficiency improvements and doubling the share of renewable energy consumption in the global energy mix. Compiled by experts from 15 organizations and led by the World Bank and the International Energy Agency, the report drew on data from more than 180 countries, which account for more than 95 percent of the world’s population. The report also documented the evolution of the indicators between 1990 and 2010 to provide a baseline for assessing progress in the next twenty years. It provides a comprehensive snapshot of the energy status of countries with respect to access, efficiency and renewable energy, as well as energy consumption.
Full 2013 Global Tracking Framework
- Executive Summary
- Regional Class
- Chapter 1
- Chapter 2
- Chapter 3
- Chapter 4
- Chapter 5
- Data Annex
SE4All Knowledge Hub
The Global Tracking Framework is one of four main initiatives of the SE4All Global Knowledge Hub. Hosted by ESMAP, work under the hub focuses on two areas:
(i) research that supports implementation of SE4All initiatives through frameworks that track and monitor progress and provide feedback; and
(ii) knowledge management work that collects information and data around key policy experiences and cases, and makes it readily accessible to policy- and decision-makers.
Other main initiatives of the hub are:
For more information please go to http://trackingenergy4all.worldbank.org/reports